We have seen an increase in the lack of housing among young people, and also that requirements relating to income and type of employment serve to exclude many young people from the opportunity to buy or rent a home, and that young people aged 18–25 have less left to live on once they have paid for their housing.

Lack of housing for young people is becoming worse

In 2011, slightly less than two-thirds of young people had a home of their own, and just over one-third were still living at home with one or both parents.

At the turn of the millennium, 100 municipalities stated that they were experiencing a lack of housing for young people. In 2013, 158 municipalities, over half of the municipalities in the country, stated that they were experiencing a lack of housing of the kind sought by young people. There is a lack of housing in the metropolitan regions and other large towns, to which many young people move, but also in smaller municipalities.

Too little rental accommodation is being built

Young people are for the most part interested in rented accommodation, but since the level of new housing production has been low over the past 20 years, the construction of rental accommodation has been given a low priority. There was no more rental accommodation in 2010 than in 1990, and the proportion of single-room flats with kitchen facilities lies today at 7.2 percent, the same proportion as in 1990.

Employment is a pre-requisite for obtaining housing

During the 2000s, the housing costs of young people have remained relatively constant. However, the income trend among young people during the 2000s has been worse than that of other groups in society. This means that young people’s competitiveness on the housing market has deteriorated in relation to that of other age-groups.

Difficult to start life as an adult

The difficulties faced by young people in becoming established on the housing market also mean that they may find it difficult to start their lives as independent adults. Our study entitled Focus 11 indicates that young people’s housing situation affects their chances of finding employment. Housing also affects things such as starting a family, and those who live in cramped accommodation often wait longer before having children.